WRITE NAMES, given the structure
| 1. Root
Name: Identify the longest continuous carbon chain and
assign a root name. (A ring requires the prefix "cyclo-".
| 2. Functional
group: Identify the functional group and determine the
appropriate ending for the root.
| 3. Number
the carbons, so that the carbon with the functional group
(or branch) will have the lowest number. In front of the root
name, write the position of the carbon with the functional group,
| 4. Hydrocarbon
Branches: Identify and write any hydrocarbon branches
with "-yl" endings and their position numbers, if any.
| 5. Inorganic
Groups: Identify and write any inorganic groups and their
positions, if any.
| 6. Final
Name: In the names, hyphens separate numbers and names;
commas separate two or more numbers, and word parts are NOT separated
except in ethers and esters.
WRITE STRUCTURES, given the name
|1. Root Name: Write the number
of carbons according to the root name (A ring is indicated by
the prefix "cyclo-".
|2. Number the carbons: Assign
a number to each carbon of the root (most of the time - left
| 3. Functional group: Write the functioinal
group as indicated by the endingof the rootname at the appropriate
position. (Indicated by the nature of the functional groups or
the position number given front of the name.
| 4. Hydrocarbon Branches: Write any
hydrocarbon branches at the appropriate position number, if any.
| 5. Inorganic Groups: Write any inorganic
groups at the appropriate positions, if any.
| 6. Complete the structure by adding the
appropriate numbers of hydrogens to each carbon. (Carbon must
have four bonds)